Kidney stones are deposits of hard minerals and salt that form inside the kidneys. Kidney stones can injure any part of your urinary tract, from your kidneys to your bladder. Minerals crystallize and join together in concentrated urine, resulting in stones.
Calcium Stone: Calcium stones, mainly in the form of calcium oxalate, make up the majority of kidney stones.
Struvite Stone: A urinary tract infection causes struvite stones to develop. These stones can grow quickly and become quite large, and they do so without giving any signs or warnings.
Causes and risk factors
Kidney stones occur when the urine has a higher amount of crystal-creating molecules than the liquid it can efficiently dilute, such as calcium, uric acid, and oxalate. One’s urine may be weak producing elements that restrict the crystals’ accumulation, allowing kidney stones to form.
Kidney stones are treated similarly in children and adults. The doctors would advise you to intake a high amount of fluids and water. Doctors try to remove the stone without surgery. Medicines that make your urine less acidic are also prescribed by doctors. It is surgically removed if it is excessively large, inhibits urine flow, or exhibits indications of infection.
The following steps can be considered to prevent kidney stones.
- Keep yourself hydrated, especially if you’re exercising.
- Sodium chloride, monosodium glutamate (MSG), and sodium nitrate-containing foods should be avoided or limited.
- In general, it’s a good idea to include more spinach and almonds in your diet.
If you are looking for the best kidney stone treatment in Mumbai, Nanavati Max Super Speciality hospital comes first. The hospital is ranked top among the hospitals treating renal ailments. Their highly qualified team of Nephrologists provides the best kidney stone treatment in Mumbai.
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